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Hemp - American History Revisited by Robert Deitch

 
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Ferre
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PostPosted: Fri Dec 26, 2003 11:26 pm    Post subject: Hemp - American History Revisited by Robert Deitch Reply with quote

Robert Deitch wrote:
Book Release Announcement

Hemp - American History Revisited by Robert Deitch


I'd like to call your attention to the recent release of my book "Hemp -
American History Revisited." I think you will be interested in reading about
America's longtime relationship with Cannabis. In fact, Britain's need to a
secure a large land mass specifically to cultivate raw hemp to feed its own
hemp-based industries (the rudiment of their wealth and power) was the
primary reason the British decided to colonize North America, and why they
so vigorously protected their American colonies from invasion by France,
Spain or any other country (the Dutch) that threatened their complete
control. It is also worth noting that hemp and hemp-base products were a
primary focus of Britain's colonial taxation policies - particularly the
Navigation Act which was part of the "Acts of Intolerance" that eventually
lead to the American Revolution. "No Taxation Without Representation" may
have been the rallying cry, but the fundamental question that brought us to
the brink of the American Revolutionary War may well have been - which
country, colonial America or Britain, would reap the profit from America's
cultivation and utilization of hemp. And it was American hemp farmers, the
likes of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and Ben Franklin that lead the
fight for America's independence in the field and in the legislature.

It was also specifically the cultivation and domestic use of Cannabis (hemp)
that made colonial America (an agrarian-based society) so prosperous - more
so by far than any other agrarian-based society in history. American farmers
grew it and America's fledgling ship building and textile industries turned
it into rope, canvas, textiles of all kinds, they made paper from it, and
even used it to fuel their lamps. Hemp based products - clothing, books,
lamp oil, etc., were an integral part of American life, which is why for
almost 200 years (1610 -1810), hemp was economically the most important
agricultural crop America produced. It is also why there are towns all
across the Atlantic coast and into the Mid West with the name Hempstead,
Hemp Hill or something similar.

Cannabis, as hemp and as the intoxicant and medicine we know today as
marijuana, has played a huge part in America's history and politics and has
always been a part of American life. Considering that seven US Presidents -
Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Andrew Jackson, Taylor, Pierce, and Lincoln,
have been identified as having smoked marijuana because of its known
intoxicating properties, I seriously question the assumption that (colonial
era hippy) Johnny Appleseed was actually planting apple seeds. There is no
line of apple trees suggesting the path Johnny would have taken on his
journey West - which is why, historians consider Johnny Appleseed a mythical
folk figure. More likely they were Cannabis seeds - probably the
intoxicating variety, and that mythical Johnny Appleseed actually
exemplifies the thousands of westward bound young Americans having
discovered the intoxicating properties of Cannabis and, like their 1960 era
hippie cousins, were planting it everywhere they went so that it would
always be available.

There are many other areas of American history where Cannabis played an
important but unacknowledged roll - America's Civil War, for example. The
Civil War was not fought to end slavery in America. Lincoln himself said...
the Civil War was being fought over economic issues, not to end slavery.
More realistically, the Civil War was the culmination of a fight between the
small independent family owned hemp farms of the North and the large scale
cotton plantations of the South for control of America's textile industry -
the industry standard, which all others are judged by. A position long held
by hemp (commonly known as "linen"). As more and more cotton replace hemp as
textiles, as the number of slaves dramatically increased in the South and
news of the atrocities of slavery spread, and as hemp farms failed and were
abandoned, the animosity between the North and South festered for almost 40
years, exploding finally into an extraordinarily bloody Civil War. Slavery
may have become a major focus only because economic realities forced the
North to concede the textile industry to cotton long before the war actually
started, but realistically pearly white Americans weren't all that concerned
about the plight of Black slaves. Slavery was more an economic issue which
the South used to artificially keep the price of cotton cheap - which is why
cotton became the textile industry standard and why cotton became known as
"King Cotton."

The book goes on to discuss America's experience with Alcohol Prohibition,
and what a horrific failure it really was. Prohibition caused many more
imposing problems and resolved nothing. The casual use of alcohol
dramatically increased during Prohibition, organized crime flourished during
Prohibition, police and official corruption ran rampant during Prohibition,
and it was no coincidence that the Great Economic Depression of the 1930s
can on the heels of the Prohibition Era - Prohibition caused the Great
Depression. It created a black market economy that competed tooth-n-nail
with America's legal economy for every available dollar. Ten million dollars
per day was funneled out of America's legal economy and into the underground
economy of illegal alcohol commerce. The stock market crashed because people
were spending their money on high priced illegal alcohol instead of the
products America legally produced. Sales declined and jobs became scarce and
many companies found themselves short of money and unable to pay salaries or
dividends to investors. Speculation may have caused the stock market to sore
(which it did before October 29th 1929) but reality brought it back to
earth. And, the reality, although never acknowledged, was that Alcohol
Prohibition proved itself counterproductive both socially and economically
and caused millions of Americans to needlessly suffer. Alcohol Prohibition
was a foolish, irrational and irresponsible idea, just like today's"War on
Drugs."

The book concludes by essentially saying that ending this so called drug war
and reimplementing our use of Cannabis for all its many applications, but
particularly as a raw material, is the best and perhaps only hope we have of
cutting our dependency on foreign oil and returning America to a state of
real economic prosperity, protect the environment and create real social
justice. Reimplementing our use of hemp as a primary raw material will
create an economic boon in America, with tens of thousands, even millions,
of people opting to establish or work in America's perfectly legal hemp
industry. Millions of new businesses, billions of dollars invested, and tens
of millions of new jobs, will mean once again jobs will go wanting not
people.

The book is published by Algora Publishing (NY) and is available online from
Amazon and Barns & Noble, although you probably won't find it in their
stores. Its worth the inconvenience you will have to go through to get a
copy. But I promise you will find it informative, interesting, and an
entertaining read.

Robert Deitch



P.S. I want to wish you all the Happiest of Holidays and all the best for
the New Year. Please also join me in welcoming home medical marijuana
patient and activist Todd McCormick - he's out, he's free.


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Rev. Chazman
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PostPosted: Sat Dec 27, 2003 12:34 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

That is fascinating stuff. That will be a book I will look forward to getting and reading sometime in the future. Thanks for the post Ferre.

Peace Smile
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I praise good thoughts, good words, and good deeds and those that are to be thought, spoken, and done. I do accept all good thoughts, good words, and good deeds. I do renounce all evil thoughts, evil words, and evil deeds. ---Avesta: Yasna
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Lilli
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PostPosted: Sat Dec 27, 2003 12:36 am    Post subject: thats interesting Reply with quote

Thats a good articlae Ferre. Alsowhat a lot of people dont know was the war of 1812 was about cannabis too.
Quote:
THE HEMP WAR OF 1812

This is a piece of history that you may have been a a bit hazy on when you were taught about it in school. You might well have asked, "What the heck were they fighting about, anyway? Here we present the events that led up to the Battle of New Orleans, which, due to slow communications, was accidentally fought on January 8, 1815, two weeks after the War of 1812 had officially ended on December 24, 1814 by the signing of a peace treaty in Belgium.

TIME:
1700s and early 1800s...

Cannabis hemp is, as it has been for thousands of years, the biggest business and most important industry on the planet. Its fiber moves virtually all the world's shipping. The entire world's economy uses and depends upon thousands of different products from the marijuana plant.

1740 on...

Russia, because of its cheap slave/serf labor, produces 80% of the western world's cannabis hemp and finished hemp products, and is, by far, the world's best-quality manufacturer of cannabis hemp for sails, rope, rigging and nets.

Cannabis is Russia's number-one trading commodity - ahead of its furs, timber and iron.

1740 to 1807...

Great Britain buys 90% or more of its marine hemp from Russia; Britain's navy and world sea trade runs on Russian hemp; each British ship must replace 50 to 100 tons of hemp every year or two.

There is no substitute; flax sails, for example, unlike hemp sails, would start rotting in three months or less from salt and spray.

1793 to 1799 on...

The British nobility is hostile toward the new French government primarily because the British are afraid that the 17889-93 French Revolution of commoners could spread, and/or result in a French invasion of England and the loss of its Empire and, of course, its nobility's heads.

1803 to 1814...

Britain's navy blockades Napoleon's France, including Napoleon's allies on the Continent. Britain accomplishes the blockade of France by closing its (France's) English Channel and Atlantic (Bay of Biscay) ports with its navy; also, Britain controls absolute access to and from the Mediterranean and Atlantic, by virtue of its control of the straits of Gibraltar.

1798 to 1812...

The fledgling United States is officially "neutral" in the war between France and Britain. The United States even begins to solve its own foreign problems by sending its navy and marines (1801-1805) to the Mediterranean to stop Tripoli pirates and ransomers from collecting tribute from American Yankee traders operating in the area. "Millions for Defense - not a penny for Tribute" was America's rallying cry, and the incident came to be memorialized in the second line of the Marine Corps' hymn: "...to the shores of Tripoli."

1803...

Napoleon, needing money to press war with Great Britain and pursue control of the European continent, bargain-sells the Louisiana Territory to the United States for $15 million, or roughly two-and-a-half cents per acre.

This area is about one-third of what is now the 48 contiguous states.

1803 on...

The Louisiana Purchase gives rise to some Americans' - mostly Westerners' - dreams of "Manifest Destiny." That is, the United States should extend to the utmost borders of North America: from the top of Canada to the bottom of Mexico and from the Atlantic to the Pacific.

1803 to 1807...

Britain continues to trade for and buy 90% of its hemp directly from Russia.

1807...

Napoleon and Czar Alexander of Russia sign the Treaty of Tilset, which cuts off all legal Russian trade with Great Britain, its allies, or any other neutral nation ship acting as agents for Great Britain in Russia.

The treaty also sets up a buffer zone, the Warsaw Duchy (approximately Central Eastern Poland) between Napoleon's allies and Russia.

Napoleon's strategy - and his most important goal with the treaty - is to stop Russian hemp from reaching England, thereby destroying Britain's navy by forcing it to cannibalize sails, ropes, and rigging from other ships; and Napoleon believes that eventually, with no Russian hemp for its huge navy, Britain will be forced to end its blockade of France and the Continent.

1807 to 1809...

The United States is considered neutral country by Napoleon, as long as its ships do not trade with or for Great Britain, and the United States considers itself to be neutral in the war between France and Great Britain.

However, Congress passes the 1806 Non-Importation Pact: British articles which are produced in the U.S., but which could be produced elsewhere, are prohibited. Congress also passes the 1807 Embargo Act, to wit: American ships could not bring or carry products to or from Europe.

These laws hurt America more than Europe; however, many Yankee traders ignored the law anyway.

1807 to 1814...

After the Treaty of Tilset cuts off their Russian trade, Britain claims that there are no neutral countries or shipping lanes.

Hence, any ship that trades with Napoleon's "Continental System" of allies is the enemy and is subject to blockade.

On this pretext, Britain confiscates American ships and cargo and sends sailors back to the United States at American ship owners' expense.

Britain "impresses" some American sailors into service in the British navy. However, England claims that they only "impress" those sailors who are British subjects - and whose American shipping companies refused to pay for the sailors' return fares.

1807 to 1810...

Secretly, however, Britain offers the captured American traders a "deal" (actually a blackmail proposition) when they "overhaul" - board and confiscate - an American ship and bring it into an English port.

The deal: either lose your ship and cargos forever, or go to Russia and secretly buy hemp for Britain, who will pay American traders with gold in advance, and more gold when the hemp is delivered back.

At the same time, the Americans will be allowed to keep and trade their own goods (rum, sugar, spices, cotton, coffee, tobacco) to the Czar for hemp - a double profit for the Americans.

1808 to 1810...

Our shrewd Yankee traders, faced with the choice of either running British blockades - and risking having their ships, cargo and crews confiscated - or acting as secret (illegal) licensees for Britain, with safety and profits guaranteed, mostly choose the latter.

John Quincy Adams (later to become President), who was American Consul at St. Petersburg in 1809, noted:

"As many as 600 clipper ships, flying the American flag, in a two-week period, were in Kronstadt" (the Port of St. Petersburg, once called Leningrad in the former USSR) loading principally cannabis hemp for England (illegally) and America, where quality hemp is also in great demand.

The United States passes the 1809 Non-Intercourse Act which resumes legal trade with Europe, except Britain and France. It is soon replaced with the Macon Bill resuming all legal trade.

1808 to 1810...

Napoleon insists that Czar Alexander stops all trade with the independent United States traders as they are being coerced into being illegal traders for Great Britain's hemp.

Napoleon wants the Czar to allow him to place/station French agents and troops in Kronstadt to make sure the Czar and his port authorities live up to the treaty.

1808 to 1810...

The Czar says "Nyet!" despite his treaty with France, and turns a "blind eye" to the illegal American traders, probably because he needs the popular, profitable trade goods the Americans are bringing him and his nobles - as well as the hard gold he is getting from the Americans' (illegal) purchases of hemp for Great Britain.

1809...

Napoleon's allies invade the Duchy of Warsaw.

1810...

Napoleon orders the Czar to stop all trade with the American traders! The Czar responds by withdrawing Russia from that part of the Treaty of Tilset that would require him to stop selling goods to neutral American ships.

1810 to 1812...

Napoleon, infuriated with the Czar for allowing Britain's life blood of navy hemp to reach England, builds up his army and travels over 2,000 miles to invade Russia, planning to punish the Czar and ultimately stop hemp from reaching the British Navy.

1811 to 1812...

England, again an ally and full trading partner of Russia, is still stopping American ships from trading with the rest of the Continent.

Britain also blockades all U.S. traders from Russia at the Baltic Sea and insists that American traders have to now secretly buy other strategic goods for them (mostly from Mediterranean ports), specifically from Napoleon and his allies on the Continent who by this time are happy to sell anything to raise capital.

1812...

The United States, cut off from 80% of its Russian hemp supply, debates war in Congress.

Ironically, it is representatives of the western states who argue for war under the excuse of "impressed" American sailors. However, the representatives of the maritime states, fearful of loss of trade, argue against war, even though it's their shipping, crews, and states that are allegedly afflicted.

Not one senator from a maritime state votes for war with Great Britain, whereas virtually all western senators vote for war, hoping to take Canada from Britain and fulfill their dream of "Manifest Destiny," in the mistaken belief that Great Britain is too busy with the European wars against Napoleon to protect Canada.

It's interesting to note that Kentucky, a big supporter of the war which disrupted the overseas hemp trade, was actively building up its own domestic hemp industry.

At this time, 1812, American ships could pick up hemp from Russia and return with it three times faster and cheaper than shippers could get hemp from Kentucky to the East Coast over land (at least until the Erie Canal was completed in 1825; shortening travel time dramatically by as much as 90%).

The western states win in Congress, and on June 18, 1812, the United States is at war with Britain.

American enters the war on the side of Napoleon, who marches on Moscow also in June of 1812.

Napoleon is soon defeated in Russia by the harsh winter, the Russian scorched-earth policy, 2,000 miles of snowy and muddy supply lines - and by Napoleon not stopping for the winter and regrouping before marching on Moscow, as was the original battle plan.

Of the 450,000 to 600,000 men Napoleon starts with, only 180,000 ever make it back.

1812 to 1814...

Britain, after initial success in war with the United States (including the burning of Washington in retaliation for the earlier American burning of Toronto, then the colonial Canadian capitol), finds its finances and military stretched thin - with blockades, war in Spain with France, and a tough new America on the seas.

Britain agrees to peace, and signs a treaty with the United States in December 1814. The actual terms of the treaty give little to either side.

In effect, Britain agrees it will never again interfere with American shipping.

And the United States agrees to give up all claims to Canada forever (which we did, with the exception of "54-40 or Fight").

1813 to 1814...

Britain defeats Napoleon in Spain and banishes him to Elba, but he escapes for 100 days.

1815...

Britain defeats Napoleon at Waterloo (June 1Cool and banishes him to St. Helena Island off Antarctica where, in 1821, he dies and his hair and private parts are sold to the public for souvenirs.

January 1815...

Tragically for Britain, more than two weeks after the December 24, 1814 signing of the Ghent peace treaty between the United States and Britain, Andrew Jackson defeats a huge British attack force at New Orleans (January 8, 1815) while news of the treaty slowly makes its way across the Atlantic.

20th Century...

American, British, French, Canadian and Russian schools each teach children their own, completely different versions of history with virtually no mention of hemp in this war (nor, in the American versions, at any other time in history).

Author's Note
I wish to apologize to history buffs for all the nuances I have left out from this outline of the 1812 Wars (for example, the involvement of the Rothschilds, the Illuminati, stock market manipulation, etc.), but I did not want to write "War and Peace." It's been done.

My intention is that our children are taught a true, comprehensive history in our schools, not watered-down nonsense that hides the real facts and makes the War of 1812 seem totally unintelligible and without rhyme or reason. But it's no wonder. Our American school teachers themselves often haven't the foggiest understanding of why this war was really fought. If they do know - or have recently learned - they are generally much too intimidated to teach it.

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pakaloha
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PostPosted: Sat Dec 27, 2003 1:52 am    Post subject: What does hemp history have to do with me now? Reply with quote

... a lot! Aloha. Thanks for tuning-in. Hemp history is a key factor in our creating the religious 'defense to prosecution'. Cannabis hemp should and could be legal now, even if there were zero record of it in olden times. However, because there IS a great and rich history now being documented with evidece and proof, we are safer for it. Let me explain.

In some court cases there have been comments by judges that to qualify as a 'recognized religion' by the government there needs to be some 'deeply-rooted history of the practice' in question.

For decades, most people who brought a 'defense to prosecution' to the courts were unaware of the history of hemp in civilization. They intuitively knew that it played a part, however evidence is key in a court of record. Jack Herer's, THE EMPEROR WEARS NO CLOTHES, and other documented works can now help to prove our point. Cannabis hemp was not just an obscure plant used occassionally by some people, it was THE premier plant of civilization for centuries! Food, clothing (linen), shelter, medicine, fuel, sacrament and much more...all from one plant. It was ESSENTIAL in the life of olden times for survival, we did not make this up.

As we can document the history of cannabis hemp more clearly, we can win more cases more easily. Got it?
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Pepper
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PostPosted: Mon Jan 12, 2004 5:15 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I found ads for "scutching tow of flax and hemp" in the archives of newspapers from around 1812 in my area. The ad was for a large quantity wanted immediately for use by the Pittsburgh Steam Paper-Mill.

The scraping of flax or hemp, to remove its unwanted "boon," is called "scutching" or "swingling." Scutching "tow" is this same material once it has been removed from the flax or hemp. Tow is an ingedient used in the making of certain kinds of paper.

In other words "boon" and "scutching tow" is the hemp hurd which is used to make paper. This info might be helpful when looking for hemp history.
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